Paris-Jourdan Sciences Économiques - UMR8545


PjSE - UMR8545
48 boulevard Jourdan
75014 Paris
Tél : 01 80 52 16 00
pjse AT ens.fr


nom site cnrs ENS EHESS Ecole des Ponts ParisTech INRA Université Paris 1

Accueil du site > Séminaires > Agenda du 2 au 6 octobre 2017

Agenda du 2 au 6 octobre 2017


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Lundi 2 octobre 2017

RUES |13:30-17:00
17e session RUES : Segregation, Gentrification and Crime

Lundi 2 octobre 2017, 17e session RUES

Segregation, Gentrification and Crime

Conference program
13:30 Lecture 1 : Victor Couture (Berkeley-Haas)

14:30 Lecture 2 : Amy Ellen Schwartz (Syracuse University, Maxwell School)

15:30 Coffee break
16:00 Lecture 3 : Jorge de la Roca (University of Southern California)

Conference venue
Paris School of Economics - Ecole d’Economie de Paris (PSE)
Room R1-21 (Main building Oikos)
48 Boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris
Transport access : RER B - stop at « Cité Universitaire » or Metro Line 4 - Stop at « Porte d’Orléans »
How to get here ?

Organizing Committee

  • Laurent Gobillon : laurent.gobillon psemail.eu

GSIE | 13:00-14:00
Salle S/3, MSE, 106 boulevard de l’Hôpital, 75013 Paris
LAENGLE Katharina (Paris 1, PSE) : Global value chains and labor market adjustments

The question how offshoring affects domestic workers has been subject to empirical studies for decades. Many analyses based their work on traditional trade data as a proxy for offshoring. However, these statistics fall short in depicting intertwinings of supply chains and how foreign production factors enter domestic production. For that reason, this paper quantifies offshoring in terms of value added thus allowing to trace back how much foreign capital and labor enter domestic production. Using data from the WIOD, effects are analyzed for 14 sectors in 16 countries between 1995 and 2008. Regarding low skilled workers, results confirm implications of the model by Grossman & Rossi-Hansberg (2008). Accordingly, offshoring proved to positively influence domestic low skilled workers’ wage shares, when their tasks were moved abroad. Yet, model assumptions and the empirical setup of this paper diverge thus question the mechanisms highlighted by GRH. Importantly, the growing share of foreign capital in production negatively affects low skilled workers’ wage share while positively influencing that of high skilled. Consequently, findings suggest that offshoring benefits high skilled workers and harms low skilled.

Régulation | 12:00-14:00
Salle R2-01, Campus Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris
FLECKINGER Pierre (Ecole des Mines - PSE) : The Incentive properties of collective reputation
FABRE Adrien : French favored redistribution derived from surveys : A political assessment of optimal tax theory
Co-authors : MIMRA Wanda, ETH Zürich and ZAGO Angelo, University of Verona

ROY | 17:00-18:30
Salle R1-09, campus Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan - 75014 Paris
SANTIAGO OLIVEROS (University of Essex) : `Collective Hold-Up
with IARYCZOWER Matias

Mardi 3 octobre 2017

Economie appliquée | 12:30-13:30
Salle R2-01, Campus Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris
BANERJEE Abhijit (MIT) : How important are matching frictions in the labor market ? Experimental & non-experimental evidence from India
Co-authors : CHIPLUNKAR Gaurav

This paper provides evidence of substantial matching frictions in the labor market in India. In particular, placement officers in vocational training institutes have very little information about the job preferences of candidates they are trying to place in jobs. In the first part of this study, we adopt a number of methods to elicit genuine preferences of candidates over different types of jobs. In the second part, we find that providing placement officers with these preference information leads to a substantial improvement in matching candidates to jobs interviews and hence subsequent employment outcomes for up to six months after initial placement.

PSI PSE | 17:00-18:00
SEROR Avner (PSE) : Multi-candidate Political Competitions and the Industrial Organization of Politics
Co-authors : SEROR Avner, VERDIER Thierry

Mercredi 4 octobre 2017

Economie du développement | 16:30-18:00
DUFLO Esther (MIT) : Gossip : Identifying Central Individuals in a Social Network
Co-authors : BANERJEE Abhijit, CHANDRASEKHAR Arun G. and JACKSON Matthew O.

Histoire économique | 12:30-14:00
Salle R2-20, Campus Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris
CHRISTIN Olivier (CEDRE) : Les vrais actionnaires de l’entreprise sociale (Sieyes) : compagnies par actions et théorie de la représentation à l’époque moderne

Jeudi 5 octobre 2017

Comportement | 11:00-12:00
Salle R2-21, PSE, 48 bld Jourdan Paris 75014
YANG Li (LIP6- UPMC) : Automatic emotion recognition from physiological signals in a video game context
RIFQI Maria (LEMMA, Université Panthéon-Assas)

We present a multi-modal database for the analysis of human emotional states in the dynamic context of game. Peripheral physiological signals (ECG, EDA, respiration, EMG, temperature, pupil size), accelerometer signals, video were recorded for 58 participants who played 3 matches of a football simulation game (FIFA 2016) of different difficulty levels. After each match, participants were asked to annotate events which have triggered their emotions in terms of categorical emotions (boredom, frustration, anger, fear, happiness) and the arousal/valence score by reviewing the game recording. Global game experience in terms of the level of difficulty, implication and amusement evaluation and a ranking of the 3 matches were also collected from questionnaires. Combined with the global game experience evaluation, the database proposes a multi-scale view (local event scale and global match scale) for evaluating user emotions. Methods and results are presented from a local event view - classification of the emotional moment and no emotional moment, emotion recognition on the emotional moment, and from a global evaluation view - game experience evaluation. The database is made publicly available. The proposed database is the first available one which allows analysing the human emotional responses from physiological signals under dynamic interactive context of game.

TOM | 12:00-13:30
Salle R1-11, campus Jourdan - 48 boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris

Macroéconomie | 15:45-17:00
Salle R2-21, PSE - 48 boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris
GIAVAZZI Francesco (Bocconi) : The macroeconomic effects of fiscal adjustment plans
Texte intégral [pdf]

Travail et économie publique | 12:30-13:45
BENHENDA Asma (Paris School of Economics) : How to Identify Good Teachers ? Teacher Evaluations and Student Achievement

The fact that teachers matter for student achievement is largely documented.Yet, identifying what makes good teaching has proven difficult, in spite of the large amount of attention this question has received in the last decade. In this paper, I shift the focus from the usual observable socio-demographic characteristics to the systematic and administrative evaluations of teachers by their hierarchy. I analyze the three grades used to assess teachers in secondary school in France : the certication grades, designed to assess teacher content-knowledge, the pedagogical grade, designed to assess pedagogical skills and the administrative grade, designed to assess administrative skills. I find that neither the certication grades (written nor oral) nor the administrative grade are signicantly associated with student achievement gains. The only evaluation grade statistically significantly associated with student achievement gains is the pedagogical grade : a standard deviation increase in this grade is associated with a two percent standard deviation increase in student achievement gains. This impact is on par with replacing an average teacher with a teacher at the 40th percentile of the teacher value-added distribution. Low income students are more sensitive to the pedagogical grade than others.These results has important implications for teacher training, hiring and assignment.
Texte intégral [pdf]
Macro Workshop | 14:00-15:00
S R2-20 Campus Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris
ZAGO Riccardo (Science-Po)
Job Polarization, Skill Mismatch and the Great Recession
Much has been written on the disappearance of routine employment both in the long-run and over the cycle. Yet, little is known about the effects of job polarization on the reallocation of skills and skill demand across occupations. This paper fills the gap. Herein, I model a labor market with three types of jobs and skill-heterogeneous agents and I estimate its structural parameters to match solely the long-run and cyclical decline of routine employment for periods around the Great Recession in the U.S. Nevertheless, the model explains surprisingly well the skill-mismatch dynamics in the data and the different reallocation patterns across workers. In particular, it predicts that (i) 1pp decline in routine employment -as explained by routine biased technical change and transitory shocks- leads to a rise in skill-mismatch by 0.35pp (0.39pp in the data) ; (ii) mismatches widen over the cycle and are explained by movements from the top to the bottom of the job ladder ; (iii) any wage loss from mismatch is decreasing in skills. Moreover, the model explains 38% of the shift-out of the Beveridge curve and reveals the factors driving the decline in matching efficiency in the post-recession era, a phenomenon still not well explained by the literature. The aggregate predictions of the model are validated across states, with skill-mismatch magnified for local markets that experienced a sharper decline in routine employment during the Great Recession.

Vendredi 6 octobre 2017

Economie et psychologie | 11:00-12:30
MSE (S/17)
Georg Weizssacker (Humboldt Univ. Berlin) : TBA

Casual Friday Development Seminar | 12:30-14:00
Salle R2-01, Campus Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan, 75014 Paris
JATIVA Ximena : Unintended Consequences of Road Rehabilitation in Tanzania : Market Participation, Prices and Welfare
Co-authors : DUMAS Christelle (U. Fribourg)